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advanced practice registered nurses, advanced registered nurse practitioners, controlled substance prescribing, Florida nurses, opioids, prescriber education, prescriptive authority, prescriptive barriers



  1. Craig-Rodriguez, Alicia DNP, MBA, FNP-BC
  2. Gordon, Glenna MS
  3. Kaplan, Louise PhD, ARNP, FNP-BC, FAANP, FAAN
  4. Grubbs, Laurie PhD, ARNP


Abstract: Prior to statutory changes in prescriptive authority for controlled substances, this study examined the knowledge gaps and prescribing limitations of Florida advanced registered nurse practitioners regarding opioids. Study results revealed statistically significant knowledge gaps in the areas of federal and state guidelines; opioid classes and proper doses; risk assessment skills; monitoring of treatment; and confidence in dealing with challenges of opioid prescribing.