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  1. Tesoro, Mary DNS, RN-BC
  2. Peyser, Diane J. PhD, RN, NEA-BC
  3. Villarente, Farley MS, FNP, CNOR


OBJECTIVE: To determine non-ventilator-associated hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP) incidence, assess negative impacts on patient outcomes and cost, and identify missed preventive nursing care opportunities.


BACKGROUND: NV-HAP is inadequately studied and underreported. Missed nursing care opportunities, particularly oral care, may aid NV-HAP prevention.


METHODS: This descriptive, observational, retrospective chart review identified adult NV-HAP cases and associated demographic and hospital care data.


RESULTS: Two hundred five NV-HAP cases occurred in 1 year at Montefiore Medical Center, equating to an incidence of 0.47 per 1000 patient-days and an estimated excess cost of $8.2 million. ICU transfer following pneumonia occurred in 15.6% of cases. Care requirements from specialist nursing facilities increased at discharge (26.8%), as compared with care requirements on admission (17.6%). Complete nursing care documentation was missing for most patients, with oral care undocumented 60.5% of the time.


CONCLUSIONS: Preventable NV-HAP cases and their negative impact on cost and patient outcomes may decrease through improved basic nursing care.