clinicians, intervention, lung cancer, qualitative research



  1. Siler, Shaunna PhD, RN
  2. Mamier, Iris PhD, RN
  3. Winslow, Betty PhD, RN


Despite significant progress in implementing palliative care interventions for patients with cancer, few intervention studies seek health care clinicians' input before implementation of these into the community. The purpose of this study was to explore palliative care and oncology clinicians' perspectives on the perceived facilitators and challenges in meeting the quality-of-life needs of patients with lung cancer and family caregivers in community-based settings. The Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance model for implementation research was used as a framework. This was a multisite qualitative study using focus group and key informant interviews. Nineteen clinicians addressed useful practices and challenges in the following areas: (a) early palliative care, (b) interdisciplinary care planning, (c) symptom management, (d) addressing psychological and social needs, and (e) providing culturally respectful care, including spiritual care. In preparation for the intervention, specific education needs and organizational challenges were revealed. Challenges included timing and staffing constraints, the need for clinician education on palliative care services to increase organizational buy-in, and education in providing spiritual support for patients and family caregivers. This research allowed investigators to understand perceptions of clinicians as they prepared to integrate palliative care in their settings. Hospice and palliative care nurses can be instrumental in implementing palliative care into community practice.