1. Hirschy, RaeAnn PharmD, BCPS
  2. Shah, Tanvi PharmD, BCPS
  3. Davis, Tamara PharmD, BCPS
  4. Rech, Megan A. PharmD, MSc, BCPS, BCCCP


Incidence of angioedema associated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) has been estimated at 0.1%-2.2% of patients receiving treatment. Despite the potential severity of this disease state, standardized treatment is lacking. Traditional pharmacotherapy options include medications that target inflammatory mediators and the angiotensin pathway. However, because ACE-I-induced angioedema is caused by accumulation of bradykinin, these medications fail to target the underlying pathophysiology. Recently, novel therapies that target the kallikrein-bradykinin pathway have been studied. These include icatibant, ecallantide, C1 esterase inhibitors, and fresh-frozen plasma. Recent randomized controlled trials exhibit contradictory results with the use of icatibant. This is a focused review on traditional and novel treatment strategies for ACE-I-induced angioedema.