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eclampsia, high-altitude pulmonary edema, neurogenic pulmonary edema, noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, opioid overdose, preeclampsia, pulmonary embolism, transfusion-related acute lung injury



  1. Simko, Lynn Coletta PhD, RN, CCRN
  2. Culleiton, Alicia L. DNP, RN, CNE


Abstract: Although acute respiratory distress syndrome is the most common cause of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, critical care nurses also should be familiar with several other less common causes, including transfusion-related acute lung injury, neurogenic pulmonary edema, preeclampsia/eclampsia, opioid overdose, high-altitude pulmonary edema, and pulmonary embolism. This article addresses the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostics, treatment, and nursing considerations associated with each uncommon cause of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema.