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  1. Dols, Jean Dowling PhD, RN, NEA-BC, FACHE
  2. Chargualaf, Katie A. PhD, RN, CMSRN
  3. Martinez, Kathryn S. BSN, RN


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify evolving cultural and generational factors influencing nurse retention.


BACKGROUND: Multigenerational/culturally diverse workforces challenge the nurse leader's understanding of nurse satisfaction.


METHODS: A survey was designed to identify the RN's career intentions, desired leadership traits, and practice environment appraisal.


RESULTS: While generally satisfied with their current position, generational differences in the average number of years nurses intend to stay at their current employer exist with Millennials anticipating staying 3.03 years; Generation X, 5.83 years; and Boomers, 8.25 years. Perceived inability to meet patient needs, which varied by generation, was significantly related to nurse satisfaction (P < .01). Factors identified by the nurses that may improve retention, regardless of generation, were pay, staffing, and nursing leadership support. Preferred leader traits varied by generation and ethnicity. Hispanic nurses value hardworking, honest leaders, whereas non-Hispanic nurses value dependability.


CONCLUSION: Nurse leaders must individualize efforts to retain an ethnically diverse and multigenerational nursing workforce.