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Authors

  1. Ringler, Jessica PharmD
  2. Steck, Mackenzie PharmD
  3. Shah, Samarth P. PharmD, BCPS
  4. Chester, Katleen W. PharmD, BCCCP, BCGP

Abstract

The antiplatelet landscape for the secondary prevention of ischemic stroke has changed significantly over the past decade. Poststroke dual antiplatelet regimens are becoming increasingly routine as supported by recent literature and guideline recommendations. Dual antiplatelet therapy after stroke generally consists of aspirin and clopidogrel and is considered in the short term after stroke in select populations including those with mild stroke or transient ischemic attack and in patients with severe intracranial atherosclerosis. When initiating dual antiplatelet therapy, factors that may increase a patient's risk of bleeding must be weighed against the patient's risk of future ischemic events. This review focuses on antiplatelet medications available in the United States with the aim to provide a summary of the available literature on poststroke dual antiplatelet therapy, pharmacological nuances of the agents, and reversal of antiplatelets in the setting of intracerebral hemorrhage.