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Keywords

health behavior, health belief model, hypertension, reminder system, stroke

 

Authors

  1. Wang, Meng-Yao BSc
  2. Shen, Meng-Jie BSc
  3. Wan, Li-Hong PhD, MSc, RN
  4. Mo, Miao-Miao BSc, RN
  5. Wu, Zhen MSc, RN
  6. Li, Li-Li BSc, RN
  7. Neidlinger, Susan H. PhD, MSc, RN

Abstract

Background: The health behaviors and blood pressure control of patients with hypertension who have had a stroke are unsatisfactory. A protocol of a comprehensive reminder system has been published, and the results of 3 months of implementation have demonstrated improved patient health behaviors and blood pressure control. The continuity of the intervention effect on these variables after 3 months was not clear.

 

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a comprehensive reminder system intervention on health behaviors, medication adherence, blood pressure, disability, and stroke recurrence in patients with hypertension who have had a stroke from baseline to 6 months after discharge.

 

Method: A multicenter, assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted with 174 patients with hypertension who have had a stroke. The intervention consisted of health belief education, a calendar handbook, weekly short message services, and telephone interviews. Data were collected at baseline and at 3 and 6 months after discharge.

 

Results: Repeated-measures analysis of variance and single-effect analysis revealed that, compared with the control group, improvements of health behaviors, medication adherence, blood pressure, and disability of participants in the intervention group were superior. From 3 to 6 months after discharge, these trends remained or continually improved, whereas a downward trend was observed in the control group. There were only 2 stroke recurrences within 6 months, and no statistically significant difference between groups was found.

 

Conclusion: The comprehensive reminder system improved patients' health behaviors and medication adherence and reduced blood pressure and disability; the effect extended to 6 months after discharge.