Burkitt lymphoma, fever of unknown origin, isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy, twelfth nerve palsy



  1. Seneca, Kathleen H. MSN, APN (Adjunct Clinical Instructor)


ABSTRACT: Fever of unknown origin (FUO) continues to present a clinical conundrum for even expert practitioners. The syndrome of FUO has over 200 possible etiologies. Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with only 1,200 US adult cases reported annually. Fever, night sweats, and weight loss, otherwise known as B symptoms, are common early symptoms of BL. Nerve palsy, especially isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy (IHNP), is rarely seen as a presenting sign in any pathological condition. A case report of FUO and IHNP as the presenting manifestations of BL is presented. The rarity of IHNP and its clinical features delayed the recognition of this syndrome and emphasizes the value of a thorough understanding of the physical examination and the association of unusual clinical findings with a readily identifiable clinical syndrome.