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Authors

  1. Serrano, Jan DNP, MHA, RN
  2. Paiva, Christopher Fernandes BS
  3. Dong, Fanglong PhD
  4. Wong, David MD
  5. Neeki, Michael DO, MS

Abstract

Background: Hospital-acquired pressure injuries are a chronic phenomenon in health care, and their prevention is an ongoing challenge. This study aims to investigate whether the application of a silicone-bordered multilayered foam dressing during the initial trauma resuscitation reduces sacral hospital-acquired pressure injury occurrence in trauma patients.

 

Methods: This is a single-center quality improvement study using a nonequivalent control group posttest-only design to study the effect of silicone-bordered multilayered foam dressing on the incidence of hospital-acquired pressure injuries. The study population included admitted, highest tier trauma activations, age 18 years and older. Preimplementation 2014 data were compared with postimplementation 2018 data.

 

Results: The result showed no statistically significant reduction in hospital-acquired pressure injury occurrence between the control and intervention groups. Incident rates for sacral hospital-acquired pressure injuries were 0.23% (2014) compared with 0.21% (2018). No statistically significant difference was found in the hospital and intensive care lengths of stay or injury severity. Preventive dressing costs were $7,689 annually compared with the estimated treatment costs of $70,000 per hospital-acquired pressure injury.

 

Conclusion: Although this study's hospital-acquired pressure injury reduction rate was not significant, the inclusion of multidisciplinary team members in the quality improvement project led to the cultural hardwiring of hospital-acquired pressure injury prevention among all team members beyond that of just nursing.