end-of-life care, nurse education, pediatric oncology



  1. Rees, June Nicole MSN, RN, CPHON
  2. Shields, Erin MA, CCLS
  3. Altounji, Diane DNP, RN, CPHON
  4. Murray, Paula PhD


Nursing staff play a key role in enhancing a patient's quality of life during end of life; however, they perceive lack of knowledge to be the largest barrier in providing quality end-of-life (EOL) care. Literature suggests that implementation of palliative and EOL care education can improve nursing EOL care practices. In order to address the gap in nursing knowledge and comfort, a quasi-experimental study was conducted; this study included the implementation of a multimodal EOL care educational series on an inpatient pediatric hematology oncology floor over 6 months. Prior to implementation, nursing staff completed a survey to measure perceived knowledge and comfort level regarding EOL care. The series included didactic sessions, in-services, case studies, practice exercises, and interactive discussions led by an interprofessional team of nurses, child-life specialists, and social workers. Educational topics included EOL symptom management, child-life services, supportive care resources, COMFORT communication, and an End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium course. Following the educational series, the survey was repeated. Results of the survey demonstrated an increase in nursing knowledge and comfort levels. Significant improvements were observed across several items including medication management of dyspnea ([chi]21,83 =5.1, P = .023), comfort with implementing interventions ([chi]21,93 = 3.9, P = .049), and knowledge of hospital resources ([chi]21,93 = 6.1, P = .014). These results suggest that while EOL education strategies can vary, a combination of learner engagement tactics can increase knowledge and comfort regarding EOL concepts and potentially positively impact nursing practice.