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Black newborns are more likely to survive if they're cared for by Black physicians, according to a study published in the September 1 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Using data from 1.8 million hospital birth records in Florida between 1992 and 2015, researchers found that although Black newborns had a higher mortality rate than White newborns regardless of the physician's race (784 versus 289 per 100,000 births), that difference was cut in half when Black physicians cared for Black infants. There were 430 more deaths per 100,000 births among Black newborns cared for by White physicians (than there were among White newborns cared for by White physicians), compared with 173 more deaths per 100,000 births among Black newborns when the physician was Black. There was no difference in mortality rates for White newborns whether they were cared for by White or Black physicians. There was also no improvement in maternal mortality based on racial concordance with the physician.