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Computer-assisted instruction, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Executive function, Self-management



  1. Cuevas, Heather PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, FCNS
  2. Carter, Sharon DNP, RN


Research shows the risk for cognitive impairment and the rate of cognitive decline double after type 2 diabetes mellitus is diagnosed and can make self-management more difficult. Cognitive training has been found to be one way to improve self-management and cognitive function, and this article reports the adaptation of one such intervention to an online format. Ten adults with diabetes participated in an 8-week intervention that combined webinar classes with online computer game training. Perceived memory ability, executive function, self-management, and self-efficacy were measured. Evaluation of recruitment, data collection, and implementation demonstrated good feasibility and reduced barriers to engagement. Although the intervention did not result in significant changes in cognitive function, scores on all surveys improved. Adherence to diet, exercise, and foot care recommendations also improved. Most participants stated they preferred the intervention's online format to "traditional" in-person formats. Online technology in this 8-week intervention helped improve recruitment, retention, participant engagement, and use of cognitive strategies in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Overall, participants found the intervention helpful and said it reduced the time and travel burden associated with educational interventions. A larger randomized controlled trial is needed to further explore the intervention's potential impact over a longer period.