1. Castiglione, Sonia Angela MScA, RN
  2. Lavoie-Tremblay, Melanie PhD, RN


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review organizational factors influencing successful large-scale change (LSC) in healthcare.


BACKGROUND: LSC is necessary to achieve sustained and meaningful healthcare improvement. However, organizational readiness needs to be considered to promote successful LSC.


METHODS: Four databases were searched for articles published between 2009 and 2018. Thematic analysis was used to identify enabling or hindering factors to LSC.


RESULTS: Seven organizational factors were consistently described as facilitators of or barriers to successful LSC in healthcare: infrastructure support, organizational culture, leadership, change management approach, roles and responsibilities, networks, and measurement and feedback.


CONCLUSION: The factors that emerged from this review are consistent with concepts of implementation but broadened and highlight learning organizations in successful LSC. The results of this review informed the development of a reflective tool on LSC for nurse leaders.