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Critical care, Holish, Holistic nursing, Postgraduate curricula



  1. Lane, Paula PhD, RGN, BNS, PFN, FRCSI
  2. O'Brien, Una MSc, BSc, RGN
  3. Gooney, Martina A. PhD, BSc, IBMS
  4. Reid, Tony MA


Critical care education is an important part of the professional development of a competent critical care nurse. Interdependence between physiological and psychosocial theories and concepts is a key consideration in the development of critical care educational programs. This multidisciplinary educational framework fosters a deeper understanding of factors contributing to ill health. Establishing a strategic framework where research, education, clinical excellence, and quality assurance are interlinked is central to enhancing the efficacy of patient care outcomes.