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Keywords

Asian American, Breast cancer, Efficacy, Intervention, Online, Pain, Survivor, Technology, Web-based

 

Authors

  1. Chee, Wonshik PhD
  2. Lee, Yaelim PhD, MSN, RN
  3. Ji, Xiaopeng PhD, MSN, RN
  4. Chee, Eunice BSE
  5. Im, Eun-Ok PhD, MPH, RN, CNS, FAAN

Abstract

With few existing technology-based programs to support cancer pain management, the need for culturally tailored programs to support ethnic minority cancer survivors has been highlighted. The purpose of this study was to explore the preliminary efficacy of the technology-based CAncer Pain management support Program for Asian American survivors of breast cancer, a technology-based cancer pain management program, in improving the cancer pain experience of Asian American breast cancer survivors. This pilot study adopted a randomized repeated-measures pretest/posttest control group design with a sample of 94 Asian American breast cancer survivors. Study measures included the Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form, Support Care Needs Survey-34 Short Form, and Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale-Community. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics including repeated-measures analysis of covariance. Although there were no significant differences in pain, there were significant changes in perceived isolation (F = 9.937, P < .01), personal resources (F = 6.612, P < .05), support care need (F = 8.299, P < .01), and degree of uncertainty (F = 8.722, P < .01) in the intervention group from pretest to posttest. These findings support the positive effects of CAncer Pain management support Program for Asian American survivors of breast cancer on the cancer pain experience of Asian American breast cancer survivors.