anxiety, case study, depression, non-motor symptom, Parkinson disease



  1. Ho, Haily
  2. Jose, Isabel
  3. Cheesman, Molly
  4. Garrison, Christina
  5. Bishop, Krista
  6. Taber, Samantha
  7. Witt, Jennifer
  8. Sin, Mo-Kyung


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common but underrecognized and undertreated nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) due to their diagnostic criteria overlapping with other PD symptoms, limited randomized controlled studies in this specific population, and the need for multidisciplinary expertise. The purpose of this article is to offer evidence-based solutions for managing comorbid depression and anxiety in patients with PD through a case study analysis. CASE STUDY: A case study is used to illustrate the somatic manifestations of anxiety in PD that leads to diagnostic challenge and multidisciplinary management. MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS: The appropriate use of screening tools, pharmacological and nonpharmacological management, and education are important interventions to consider when treating depression and anxiety in PD. CONCLUSION: Effective management requires accurate assessments, individualized treatment modalities, and patient education. Nurses who are knowledgeable about the effects and management of mood disorders in PD can play an integral role in the multidisciplinary team approach for assessment, patient and caregiver education, and treatment plan implementation.