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  1. Vallerand, April Hazard PhD, RN
  2. Anthony, Maureen MSN, CS, NP
  3. Saunders, Mitzi M. MSN, NP, APRN, BC


This qualitative study examined home care nurses' perceptions of control over cancer pain. Four major themes emerged: Being heard, feeling invisible in the pain management process; not knowing, a need for pain education; control through advocacy; and patient-related barriers to optimal pain management. This study documents the need for continued education in pain management and communication skills for home care nurses.