1. DiDiego, Michele Lamse MS, RN, FNP
  2. Eggert, Julia A. PhD, RN, GNP
  3. Pruitt, Rosanne H. PhD, RN, FNP
  4. Larcom, Lyndon L. PhD


The increase in reproductive cancers and developmental problems over the past 70 years has led researchers to suspect environmental influences as a root cause. Evidence from wildlife and laboratory studies suggests that exposure to endocrine disruptors (EnDs) may be the cause. An EnD is a foreign substance or mixture that alters the function of the endocrine system. They can be found in food, water, soil, or air. Research into their possible role provides an opportunity to decrease modifiable risk factors.