case reporting, medical error, nursing, patient safety



  1. Aydeniz, Ecem PhD, RN
  2. Intepeler, Seyda Seren PhD


Purpose: This study was conducted to develop strategies for creating an error reporting culture and to assess their effectiveness.


Design: This study was planned to explore how to improve patient safety. The study used a quasi-experimental 1-group pre-post design. It examined the culture of reporting through an analysis of employees' attitudes toward medical errors, along with rates of medical error reporting.


Methods: Four different forms were used as data collection tools. The multiple strategies used in this study constituted the research interventions. These strategies were as follows: "Education on Medical Errors and Medical Error Reporting," "Posting Banners and Posters about the Subject," "Using Social Networks and Creating a Facebook Page Titled 'Leaders of Patient Safety'," "Revising the Institution's Incident/Error Reporting System," and "Patient Safety Symposium." Data were evaluated using descriptive statistics and paired sample t test.


Results: It was determined that medical error reporting rates increased in the first 6 months after the initiative, and this increase continued in the second 6 months. Medical error reports in the institution where this study was conducted increased by 10 times at the end of the first year.


Conclusions: Multiple strategies applied for creating an error reporting culture and assessing their effectiveness positively affected health professionals' medical error attitudes and increased error reporting rates.