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  1. Yagci Senturk, Aysun PhD
  2. Livanelioglu, Ayse PhD


The Iconographical Falls Efficacy Scale (Icon-FES) is the first scale that consists of visual expressions and evaluates the fear of falling. The study aims to adapt the scale to Turkish. The Icon-FES, the Falls Efficacy Scale International, and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale were applied to 150 older adults. The study indicated that Icon-FES has excellent psychometric properties. Presence of chronic diseases was found to be associated factors affecting the fear of falling (P < .05). The short-version Icon-FES-Turkish is a valid and reliable scale and it should be carried out on illiterate older adults.