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adolescent, borderline personality disorder, mental health, nonsuicidal self-injury, nursing, spiritual discontent



  1. Moore, Jill
  2. Bauer, Renee


ABSTRACT: Nonsuicidal self-injury has existed since biblical times. It is increasing and gaining acceptance particularly among adolescents. Spiritual discontent or doubt is often a component. Therapeutic interventions include cognitive and behavior practices and developing strong, sustained relationships with patients to encourage healthy transformation.