1. Smith, Misty DNP, ARNP, NNP-BC
  2. Bosque, Elena PhD, ARNP, NNP-BC


Background: Decreased availability of pediatric residents in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) has created demand for other neonatal medical care providers. No recent publications exist about how to approach the organization of tasks involved in that care.


Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present a structure and resources to guide the organization of tasks in the care of sick and premature infants in the NICU.


Methods: The methods included a literature review to develop evidenced-based practice resources. The literature was reviewed regarding the relevant history and resources to support task organization during patient rounds and care in the NICU, and for delivery attendance by skilled providers. The goal, to establish a reference to support education about these approaches, is based upon evidence, which appears to be rooted in tradition.


Findings: Evidence-based resources include documentation templates, problem list in order of systems, and provider tasks for NICU and delivery attendance.


Implication for Research: Future studies can measure mentor or learner perceptions of the value of these resources, critical thinking improvement, safety, and clinical outcomes.


Implication for Practice: These resources may provide structure for learners and providers who have studied the physiology, pathophysiology, and problem management concepts, but need to learn how to execute their responsibilities in these busy environments.