1. Gee, Michelle L. MSN, RN
  2. Copeland, Darcy PhD, RN


Nurses in a variety of settings frequently use behavior modification strategies to promote health behavior change. Shaming is one such behavior modification tool, but its use in nursing is poorly understood. A concept analysis using Walker and Avant's method was performed. After an extensive literature review, a conceptual definition of shaming is proposed and defining attributes, antecedents, and consequences are presented. Shaming is also differentiated from related concepts often used synonymously such as stigmatization and incivility. Shaming as a behavior modification strategy is incongruous with nursing values and its utilization in nursing warrants further investigation.