acquired brain injury, head-of-bed elevation, intracranial pressure, meta-analysis



  1. Che, Ying
  2. Lu, Tingting
  3. Wang, Tianming
  4. Zhao, Hairong
  5. Song, Xulin
  6. Zhan, Qing
  7. Zhang, Chengzu
  8. Pan, Haibang
  9. Yang, Kehu
  10. Wang, Bo


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury is caused by traumatic or nontraumatic factors and causes changes in cognition. Several reviews have described the influence of the head-of-bed (HOB) elevation on clinical indexes such as intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). However, the conclusions were inconsistent. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of HOB elevation in the care of the patients with ABI. METHODS: Two researchers independently screened the literature and extracted data. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and the Chinese Biological Literature Database to collect eligible randomized controlled trials published after September 2021. Reporting quality and methodological quality of the included studies were assessed by using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis and the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. RESULTS: Eight studies were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that, compared with the flat position, HOB elevation of 30[degrees] or 45[degrees] can significantly reduce ICP (mean difference [MD], -2.40 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval [CI], -3.19 to -1.61; P < .00001). However, there were no statistical differences in CPP (MD, -1.09; 95% CI, -3.93 to 1.75; P = .45), degree of disability at 90 days (relative risk, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.94-1.08; P = .83), and mean arterial pressure (MD, -0.44; 95% CI, -10.27 to 9.93; P = .93). CONCLUSION: Head-of-bed elevation of 30[degrees] can reduce ICP and maintain CPP, and may be an effective noninvasive nursing practice for the prognosis and rehabilitation of ABI patients. Owing to the lack of high-quality, large-sample randomized controlled trials, more rigorous trials are needed to support this conclusion.