1. Davis, Nicolle W.
  2. Bailey, Meghan
  3. Hester, Jeannette M.
  4. Bonnell, Gabriel
  5. Khanna, Anna
  6. Wilson, Christina
  7. Jones, Jason
  8. Cowart, Michael
  9. Singh, Amita


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Stroke is a medical emergency requiring timely intervention to optimize patient outcomes. The only treatments currently Food and Drug Administration approved for acute stroke are intravenous (IV) thrombolytics, which require obtaining specific medical history to be administered safely. This medical history may be overlooked in the prehospital setting or lost during patient handoff between emergency medical services (EMS) personnel and hospital staff, delaying treatment. We evaluated whether utilization of a "stroke alert sticker" by EMS to capture key information in the field would decrease door-to-needle (DTN) time. METHODS: Bright-orange "stroke alert stickers" were disseminated to our local EMS agency to be placed on all suspected stroke patients in the field prompting documentation of key elements needed for timely treatment decisions. The "stroke alert sticker" included time last known well, contact information, presenting symptoms, and relevant medications. We evaluated the impact of the "stroke alert sticker" on acute stroke metrics, including DTN time. RESULTS: The project included 220 consecutive stroke alert patients brought to our comprehensive stroke center by a single EMS agency from May 2021 through February 2022. Twenty-one patients were treated with an IV thrombolytic. Overall "stroke alert sticker" use compliance was 40%; for the subgroup of patients who were given an IV thrombolytic, the "stroke alert sticker" was used 60% of the time. In patients who received an IV thrombolytic, prehospital EMS notification was 100% with "stroke alert sticker" use, compared with 75% without (P = .13). In addition, with "stroke alert sticker" utilization, DTN time was reduced by 20 minutes (31 [11] minutes with sticker vs 51 [21] minutes without, P = .04). CONCLUSION: Utilization of the "stroke alert sticker" significantly improved DTN times compared with patients without the sticker. This evidence supports continued use of the "stroke alert sticker" to improve DTN times and patient outcomes.