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  1. Schmid, Andrea PhD, RN
  2. Hoffman, Leslie PhD, RN
  3. Happ, Mary Beth PhD, RN
  4. Wolf, Gail A. DNSc, RN
  5. DeVita, Michael MD


Rapid response teams have been advocated as an intervention to reduce failure to rescue events. Such teams can improve nurse autonomy and control to rescue patients deteriorating in a medical surgical setting. The purpose of this review is to enhance nurse executives' understanding of failure to rescue as a nurse sensitive outcome, tested interventions, and implications for future research. The emergence of failure to rescue as an outcome measure will be initially discussed. Research regarding the relationship between failure to rescue and registered nurse staffing as well as research examining the potential to reduce failure-to-rescue events will be explored.