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Authors

  1. Swisher, Stephenie C. MSN, RN, ACNP, APRN, BC
  2. Barbati, Alfonso J. DO, FACOI

Abstract

Infection with Helicobacter pylori is common. Over 50% of the world's population is estimated to be colonized with the bacteria. The association between Helicobacter pylori and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is well documented. Anti-Helicobacter pylori treatment and the successful eradication of the bacteria can potentially cure patients who test positive for the bacteria and who are diagnosed with low-grade gastric MALT lymphoma. The purpose of this article is to review the evidence implicating Helicobacter pylori as a causal pathogen for the development of gastric MALT lymphoma and to determine that anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy is an effective first-line treatment. The clinical presentation, endoscopic findings, diagnosis, staging, treatment, and follow-up of patients with gastric MALT lymphoma who are treated with anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy are also discussed.