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adaptation, chronic illness, healthy behaviors, quality of life, spirituality



  1. Haynes, Donna F. PhD, APRN, BC, FNP
  2. J. Watt, Paula PhD, APRN, BC, FNP


The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of healthy behaviors in individuals living with debilitating illness. Two key concepts developed: spirituality and focus/adaptation. Professionals empowering an individual's innate spirituality can markedly improve adaptation, successful living with chronic illness, and quality of life.