atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, military personnel, psychophysiology



  1. McGraw, Leigh K. RN, NP-C
  2. Turner, Barbara S. RN, DNSc, FAAN
  3. Stotts, Nancy A. RN, EdD, FAAN
  4. Dracup, Kathleen A. RN, DNSc, FNP, FAAN


As the civilian population exhibits increasing trends in major cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in younger age groups, the US military is observing similar trends. These worrisome developments are seen even in young adulthood. Despite the need for a fit, combat-ready force, increases in CV risk are increasingly evident in the military population. This review provides an overview of coronary artery disease in the young and the prevalence of risk factors in the military population. With increases in current military operations in an acutely stressful environment, the role of stress and the manifestation of CV disease are also examined.