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error reporting, head nurse, medication errors, organizational culture, patient safety



  1. Kagan, Ilya PhD, RN
  2. Barnoy, Sivia PhD, RN


This study investigated medication error reporting among Israeli nurses, the relationship between nurses' personal views about error reporting, and the impact of the safety culture of the ward and hospital on this reporting. Nurses (n = 201) completed a questionnaire related to different aspects of error reporting (frequency, organizational norms of dealing with errors, and personal views on reporting). The higher the error frequency, the more errors went unreported. If the ward nurse manager corrected errors on the ward, error self-reporting decreased significantly. Ward nurse managers have to provide good role models.