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Families, Family members, Family stressors, Needs of family members



  1. Leon, Ana M. PhD, LCSW
  2. Knapp, Sandra MSN, RN, CCRN


The literature indicates that involvement of families in critical care settings is effective in meeting the needs of families and patients during a medical crisis. This article presents basic concepts from family systems theory, including cultural considerations useful in developing nursing care plans that integrate family involvement in the care of critically ill patients.