nursing intervention, transpersonal caring, Watson's carative factors



  1. Gallagher-Lepak, Susan PhD, RN
  2. Kubsch, Sylvia PhD, RN


Watson's carative factors offer general guidance to nurses but do not specify explicit nursing actions. On the basis of a qualitative analysis of clinical stories written by registered nurses, a transpersonal caring intervention guideline was developed. The protocol will assist nurses in using caring more intentionally and effectively in practice.