calling, holistic nursing, innovation, multiple method interviews, optimal healing environments, staff nurse perceptions



  1. Lincoln, Valerie PhD, RN, AHN-BC
  2. Johnson, Mary PhD, RN, AHN-BC


This study uses a sample of staff nurses to identify perceptions of the characteristics of a healing environment that supported their practice of holistic nursing. A multiple method qualitative interview process provided an opportunity for candid discussion and deliberation. The essences of a healing environment are context, connections, and calling.