adaptation, automobile, driving strategies, evidence-based etiological review, men, women



  1. Morgan, Christy M. MHSA, OTR/L
  2. Winter, Sandra M. MS, OTR/L
  3. Classen, Sherrilene MPH, PhD, OTR/L
  4. McCarthy, Dennis P. PhD, OTR/L
  5. Awadzi, Kezia D. PhD


Researchers are calling for increased studies with regard to differences between older men and women drivers. This literature review focuses on gender comparisons for self-regulation of driving and driving cessation. We reviewed 20 articles and assigned levels of evidence. Seven studies were level II (eg, prospective cohort) and 13 were level III (eg, cross-sectional). Subsequently, 5 evidence-based recommendations were made to address gender-specific needs of older men and women. Additional research is needed to clarify gender patterns for self-regulation and cessation and increase the level of evidence supporting gender-specific driving interventions.