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CABG, coronary artery bypass surgery, keyhole, MID-CAB, minimally invasive surgery, OP-CAB, thoracoscopy, VATS



  1. Cucinelli, Carol RN, BSN


Advances in videoscopic instrumentation and expanding experience with the performance of coronary artery bypass surgery without cardiopulmonary circulatory support is changing the surgical approach to many patients requiring coronary arterial revascularization. We describe the present status of minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery being used today.