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  1. Capovilla, Jana SRCP
  2. VanCouwenberghe, Carolyn RN, PhD
  3. Miller, William A. RCP, RRT


In the clinical setting, noninvasive blood gas monitoring has become the standard of care over arterial punctures. Technology has provided ways to measure both arterial oxygen (PaO2) and arterial Carbon Dioxide (PaCO2). With the availability of noninvasive blood gas monitoring, patient care and comfort is improving, and cost savings are being implemented. Overall noninvasive monitoring can aid in the diagnosis of some pulmonary diseases and monitor patient progress.