cardiovascular risk factors, case management, cholesterol, cholesterol management, lipid management, lipids, nurse management, primary prevention, secondary prevention



  1. Allen, Jerilyn K. RN, ScD


There is compelling scientific evidence that the modification of cardiovascular risk factors, including hypercholesterolemia, can reduce the incidence of myocardial infarction, effectively extend survival, decrease the need for interventional procedures, and improve quality of life in persons with and without known cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately, neither the publication of results from clinical trials of cholesterol lowering alone nor the 1993 National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP-ATPII) updated guidelines for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia have resulted in widespread changes in cholesterol management and control. Systematic nurse case management of dyslipidemias in patients with or at high risk for the development of coronary heart disease has the potential to improve compliance with NCEP-ATPII guidelines. In cooperation with physicians, nurses have the opportunity to address a major public health problem with the potential to eventually affect the more than 11 million people with coronary heart disease.