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Keywords

 

Authors

  1. Palmer, Denise Gagnon RN, MS
  2. Eads, John MS, CNM

Abstract

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a disease predominantly of the third trimester of pregnancy, characterized primarily by pruritus, biochemical disturbances in liver enzymes, and less frequently jaundice. Although maternal pruritus can be severe, overall maternal morbidity and mortality associated with ICP is low. However, fetal morbidity and mortality are significant with associated risks for meconium-stained amniotic fluid, acute onset of fetal compromise, spontaneous preterm labor, and intrauterine fetal demise. Current literature recommends obstetric management that includes frequent fetal surveillance with delivery when fetal lung maturity has been established.