constructivism, naturalistic inquiry, nursing research, philosophy



  1. Appleton, Jane V. BA(Hons), MSc, RGN, RHV, PGCEA
  2. King, Lindy BN, DipAppSc, RN


This article will explore the philosophical underpinnings of the constructivist research paradigm.Despite its increasing popularity in evaluative health research studies there is limited recognition of constructivism in popular research texts. Lincoln and Guba's original approach to constructivist methodology is outlined and a detailed framework for nursing research is offered. Fundamental issues and concerns surrounding this methodology are debated and differences between method and methodology are highlighted.