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  1. Kowalski, Karren PhD, RN, FAAN


The nursing work force shortage is having a major impact on an industry that is already reeling from major assaults driven by inadequate payment and reimbursement. This article evaluates the current work force shortage as it relates to the competitive marketplace, the data regarding the shortages, the work environment, and the intergenerational issues that sabotage teams. There are recommendations for action in the areas of recruitment and retention, training and education, leadership and management, and improving the work environment.