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Authors

  1. Laschinger, Heather K.S. PhD, RN, FAAN, FCAHS
  2. Smith, Lesley Marie MScN, RN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine new-graduate nurses' perceptions of the influence of authentic leadership and structural empowerment on the quality of interprofessional collaboration in healthcare work environments.

 

BACKGROUND: Although the challenges associated with true interprofessional collaboration are well documented, new-graduate nurses may feel particularly challenged in becoming contributing members. Little research exists to inform nurse leaders' efforts to facilitate effective collaboration in acute care settings.

 

METHODS: A predictive nonexperimental design was used to test a model integrating authentic leadership and workplace empowerment as resources that support interprofessional collaboration.

 

RESULTS: Multiple regression analysis revealed that 24% of the variance in perceived interprofessional collaboration was explained by unit-leader authentic leadership and structural empowerment (R2 = 0.24, F = 29.55, P = .001). Authentic leadership ([beta] = .294) and structural empowerment ([beta] = .288) were significant independent predictors.

 

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that authentic leadership and structural empowerment may promote interprofessional collaborative practice in new nurses.