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  1. Toto, Pamela E. PhD, OTR/L, BCG, FAOTA
  2. Raina, Ketki D. PhD, OTR/L
  3. Holm, Margo B. PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA
  4. Schlenk, Elizabeth A. PhD, RN
  5. Rogers, Joan C. PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA


Best practice physical activity guidelines for older adults recommend multicomponent physical activity programs that incorporate behavioral change strategies and a safe design. This review examined research implementing best practice interventions and their impact on activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) for community-dwelling older adults. Of the 15 studies identified, all reported gains in at least 1 outcome, but few incorporated all features of best practice. Only 1 study evaluated ADL/IADL performance. More research implementing best practice physical activity guidelines and targeting ADL/IADL performance is indicated to understand the impact of such programs on everyday living.