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  1. Pankop, Rebecca BSN, RN, CCRN
  2. Chang, Karen PhD, RN
  3. Thorlton, Janet PhD, RN
  4. Spitzer, Tracy MSN, RN, CCRN


Family presence during resuscitation or invasive procedures is controversial, but research suggests multiple benefits. Professional organizations recommend developing family presence protocols; however, few hospitals have them. This integrative review examined research evidence regarding implemented family presence protocols for adults in the hospital setting-specifically, the use of protocols and providers' feedback. Four key findings include a positive trend in family presence practice, varying provider attitudes, problems with family facilitators, and factors inhibiting or facilitating protocol implementation.