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clinical guidelines, postoperative pulmonary complications, risk indices, risk reduction strategies



  1. Thanavaro, Joanne L. DNP, ANP-BC, ACNP-BC, GNP-BC, DCC
  2. Foner, Barbara J. MD


Abstract: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are a major contributor to the overall risk of noncardiac surgery that may lead to serious postoperative morbidity and long-term mortality. Nurse practitioners should be familiar with risk indices for PPCs, clinical guidelines, and risk reduction strategies to prevent PPCs and improve PPC outcomes.