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  1. Hart-Hughes, Stephanie MSMS, PT, NCS
  2. Latlief, Gail A. DO, FAAPMR
  3. Phillips, Samuel PhD, CP, FAAOP
  4. Groer, Shirley PhD
  5. Highsmith, M. Jason DPT, CP, FAAOP


Lower extremity amputation is known to compromise gait, balance, and overall capacity to react to slips and trips. Given an estimated 1.8 million persons in the United States living with limb loss with an expectation for this number to double by the year 2050, the need for rehabilitative care providers to evaluate and develop treatment plans to minimize the potential for falls will surely rise. Objective measurement of fall risk and evaluation of the effect of targeted treatment interventions are essential to enhancing the quality of rehabilitative care. As a means to this end, the development and use of objective outcome measures that are relevant to the amputee population are necessary. The purpose of this article is to identify and describe these tools and critically review their respective clinical strengths and limitations.