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  1. Klinedinst, N. Jennifer PhD, MPH, RN
  2. Resnick, Barbara PhD, RN, CRNP, FAAN, FAANP


Older adults with depressive symptoms and mild cognitive impairment are at high risk for functional decline. Building resilience and promoting physical activity are important ways to promote function. Engaging in volunteer activities builds resilience, promotes physical activity, reduces depressive symptoms, and slows functional decline. However, most volunteer programs are designed for high-functioning, community-dwelling older adults. Thus, those at the highest risk for functional decline do not reap the benefits of volunteering. The Volunteering-in-Place program is described as a way to build resilience and maintain function among older adults at high risk for functional decline.