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  1. Vose, Courtney MBA, MSN, RN, APRN, NEA-BC
  2. Reichard, Christine CHUC
  3. Pool, Susan
  4. Snyder, Megan BSN, RN, CMSRN
  5. Burmeister, David DO


Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is an organizational concern. This article describes how Toyota LEAN methods were used as a performance improvement framework to address ED overcrowding. This initiative also impacted "bolus of patients" or "batching" concerns, which occur when inpatient units receive an influx of patients from EDs and other areas at the same time. In addition to decreased incidence of overcrowding, the organization realized increased interprofessional collaboration.