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pressure ulcers, nutrition assessment and wounds, nutrition guidelines for pressure ulcers, tissue repair and healing



  1. Posthauer, Mary Ellen RDN, LD, CD, FAND
  2. Banks, Merrilyn PhD
  3. Dorner, Becky RDN, LD, FAND
  4. Schols, Jos M. G. A. MD, PhD


PURPOSE: To review the 2014 Pressure Ulcer Prevention and Treatment Clinical Practice Guideline nutrition strategies.


TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care.


OBJECTIVES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:


1. Describe the risk factors for and the pathophysiology of pressure ulcers (PrUs).


2. Identify evidence-based nutrition strategies for PrU management.


ABSTRACT: Nutrition and hydration play an important role in preserving skin and tissue viability and in supporting tissue repair for pressure ulcer (PrU) healing. The majority of research investigating the relationship between nutrition and wounds focuses on PrUs. This white paper reviews the 2014 National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, and Pan Pacific Pressure Injury Alliance Nutrition Guidelines and discusses nutrition strategies for PrU management.