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cross-cultural communication, cultural competence, ESFT model, health care disparities, health disparities, medication adherence



  1. Beard, Kenya V. EdD, GNP-BC, NP-C, ACNP-BC, CNE
  2. Gwanmesia, Eunice MSN, MSHCA, RN
  3. Miranda-Diaz, Gina DNP, MS, MPH, RN


A framework for engaging patients may help to reduce health disparities.